Made By Xiong Qiying in2012 . Unit1 How often do you exercise? 班级 _______ 姓名 _________ Section A 1.exercise v 锻炼=do sports take /have/do exercise 做运动 do morning exercise 做早操 do eye exercise 做眼保健操 ( ) The girl never exercises. She is lazy and unhealthy. A. does housework B. does her homework C. does any sport D. does anything 2.频度副词 意思 频度 always 总是，一直， 100% usually 通常，经常 90% often 常常，经常 70% sometimes = at times 有时，不时 40% hardly ever 几乎从不 5% never 从不，决不 0% 【注】：频度副词表示多长时间做某事一次，用在实义动词之前，系动词、助动词、情态动词之后。 We often clean the classroom every day. ( ) Tom is very heavy because he ____ exercises and eats a lot. A. often B. always C. usually D. never 3.hard (1)adv 努力地，猛烈地 work hard 努力工作 study hard 努力学习 (2) adj. 困难的，艰难的 =difficult It’s hard/difficult for sb to do sth 做某事对某人来说是困难的 It’s hard for us _______(finish) the work without other’s help. 【拓展】hardly adv 几乎不，从来不 ，表否定意义，常与can ,any ,ever 连用。 I can hardly believe it. ( ) I can ____understand them. A. hard B. hardly C. often D. always ( ) It’s raining ____ .People can _____ go out. A. hard; hardly B. hardly; hard C. hard ; hard D. hardly ; hardly 【注】； 形容雨雪下的大用hard/heavy 4.shop ① n 商店= store ②v 购物 go shopping 去购物 do some shopping 购物 ( ) .Linda often does shopping on Sundays. A. buys B. goes and buys C. buy something 5.once = one time一次 twice= two times 两次 【注】：三次或三次以上用：“基数词+times” three times 三次 four times 四次 three or four times 三到四次 I chat with my friends online________________(一两次) a week. ( ) Mr. Green usually watches TV twice a day. A. a lot B. a little C. two hours D. two times 6.no adj. (1)没有的= not any/not a /not an There is no chalk on the teacher’s desk. = There is not a chalk on the teacher’s desk. (2) no 不要，禁止 No swimming ！禁止游泳No parking! 禁止停车！No photos! 禁止拍照！ 7.(1)how often 多久一次 对次数和频率提问，如：always, usually, often. hardly ever, never, sometimes, everyday (week,month,year…),once a week, twice a month 等表示频度的副词或短语提问。 --How often do you eat vegetables and fruit? -- Every day. (2) how long 多长时间 对“for+一段时间”或” ,“since+时间段+ago”等时间短语提问 --How long did you live there? -- For about three years. (3) how far 多远 ，对距离提问 --How far is it from the station to your home? -- It’s about two kilometers. (4) how soon 多久 ,对“in+一段时间“提问 -- How soon will your father come back? -- In two days. ( ) -- How ____ does Mary play the piano? -- Three times a week. A. many times B. often C. long D. many ( ) --___ is Mr. Green going to stay in Shanghai? --About two months. A. How often B. How far C. How soon D. How long 8.(1) every day 每天= each day 做状语，放在句末， 对其提问用 how often He exercises every day. (2) everyday adj. 每天的 ，作定语，修饰名词，放在名词之前 everyday English 日常英语 9.some time /sometime/some times/sometimes 【口诀】：分开是一段，合起是某时； 分开s 是倍次，合起s是某时 (1)some time一段时间，做时间状语 It takes sb some time to do sth 做某事花费某人多长时间 (2) sometime adv 在某个时候， (3) some times 名词词组，“几次，几倍” (4) sometimes=at times 有时 （一般现在时的标志词） Mr. Green went to Sanya some times last summer. （ ）I hope to visit the USA _____ in the future. A. sometimes B. some times C. sometime D. some time （ ）They sometimes go to the movies on Saturday. A. many times B. at times C. one time 10.as for 至于，关于，后接名词或代词，多用于句首，表示强调。 11. on weekends = on Saturday and Sunday 在周末 练习： 用所给词的正确形式填空： 1.I don’t like tomatoes, so I ___ __(ever) eat them. 2.Are there a lot of _____ (act) in your school? 3.Tom’s aunt is very lazy. She ______(hard) exercises. 4.Mrs Green eats dumplings ______(two) a month. 5.How often do you go ________(shop) ,Linda? 6.Liu Sha usually drinks milk ________(one) a day. 7.We never eat _____ junk food for meals. 8.Do you think your _______(eat) habits can help you get good grades、 9.When you eat _____ food ,you may get ill .(health) 10.Is September 10th of this year the _______(twenty-five) Teachers’ Day. 二、选择填空 ( ) 1.Most students read English books _____. A. everyday B. every day C. every days D. everydays ( ) 2.-- ___ do you go skating? -- Every day. A. How often B. How long C. How many D. How many times ( )3.What ___ your father usually do in the evening? A. do B. does C. did D .is ( ) 4.-- ____ were you away from school last year? -- For about two weeks . A. How often B. How soon C. How long D. How many ( )5.This book is ___ .All the students are ____ in reading it. A.interesting,interesting B.interested ,interested C.interested,interesting D.interesting ,interested ( )6.I spent ____ in Italy. A.sometimes B.some time C.sometime D.some times ( )7.What do you usually do ____ Sundays? A.in B.on C.for D.at ( )8.My friends likes helping others ____ English. A. to learn B.to learning C.learns D.to learns ( )9.My brother usually _____ home at five in the afternoon. A.get B.gets C.to get D.get to ( )10.--_____ do you shop? --Once a day. A.How long B.How many C.How often D.How soon Section B 1. junk food 垃圾食品 green food 绿色食品 natural food 天然食品 2. health n 健康→healthy adj 健康的(反)unhealthy →healthily adv 健康地 ◆keep healthy = keep fit = stay healthy=keep in good health 保持健康 ①Doing sports can help us keep ________(health) ②They eat very _________(health). ③Mike is good for our __________(health). 3. ①how many 多少，后跟名词复数，用于对可数名词的数量提问。 ( )--How many ____ are there in your basket,Jeff? --Only three. A.rice B.orange C.eggs D.fruit ②how much 多少，后接不可数名词，可对不可数名词的数量或价格提问。 How much meat do you want? How much is the bike? 4. try v 试图，设法，努力 【拓展】 try on 试穿 try to do sth 努力做某事 try doing sth 试图做某事 try one’s best to do sth= do one’s best to do sth 尽某人最大努力做某事 We should ___________(尽最大努力)to be happy in the future. 5.although=though conj 虽然，即使;不能与but 连用，引导让步状语从句 ( ) ①_____ he isn’t rich enough,he often gives away money to some poor children. A.Though B.When C.Because D.If ( ) ②____ he is very tried,he still tries ______. A.Because ;work B.Because;to work C.Although;working D.Although;to work 6.want sb to do sth= would like to do sth 想要某人做某事 ask sb to do sth 请求某人做某事 tell sb to do sth 告诉某人做某事 （ ）My parents want ___ a doctor. A.me to be B.me be C.to me be D.be 7.(1)be good for 对……有好处，对…有益（反）be bad for 对……有害 ( ) She says milk is _____her health and she drinks it every day. A.good to B.good for C.well for D.good at (2)be good at = do well in +n/doing 擅长于做某事 My brother is really good at baseball. (3)be good to =be friendly to=be kind to 对…. 友好 ( ) ① It’s not good ______ your health to play computer games so much. A. with B.in C.for D.on ( ) ②Running is good ___ your health. A.at B.to C.for D.with 8.look after=take care of 照顾 短语:look for 寻找 look like 看起来像 look out 小心 look around 环顾 look up 向上，查字典 look over 检查 look at 看 ( ) ① --Can you ___ my dog when I go out? -- Sure. A.look like B.look after C.look for D.look at ( ) ②We must _____ our eyes. A.look up B.look at C.look after D.look for ( )—My mother is ill,so I have to ______her at home. A.look at B.look after C.look for D.look around 9.help v 帮助—helpful adj 有帮助的 help sb(to) do sth=help sb with sth 帮助某人做某事 ① My mom helps me_______(do) my homework. =My mom helps me with my homework. ②My teacher’s words are ________(help) to me. ( )A lot of vegetables can help us ____ in good ____. A.keep;health B.to keep; healthy C.keeping ;health D.keeps;health 10.different adj 不同的—differently adv 不同地—difference n 不同点 be different from= be not the same as 与…不同 (反) the same as ① --What’s the ________ between the two computers? -- There are some ________in price and quality.(different) ( ) ②Are his eating habits the same as ____? A.you B.your C.yours D.yourself ( ) –My lifestyles is ___ from your brother’s . - Yes.There are some ______. A.different;different B.difference;different C. different;differences 11.maybe =perhaps adv 也许，可能，通常用于句首，在句中作状语。 Maybe you left your book at home. may be 是“情态动词+be动词原形”构成的谓语形式，“可能，也许”，可以和maybe 互换。 Tom’s pen may be in his backpack. =Maybe Tom’s pen is in his backpack. 12.（1）keep 连系动词 ，后接形容词“保持，使保持某种状态” keep healthy 保持健康 （2）keep +名词/代词+形容词” 保持……状态” Keep your eyes closed (3) keep sb doing sth 使某人不停地做某事 Don’t keep me waiting for long. (4) keep v “保管某物 How long can I keep the dictionary. 13.less adj 更少的 (修饰不可数名词) little –less – least You should eat less meat. ( ) We’re try our best to do the work with ___ money and ___ people. A.few,little B.a few ,a little C.less,fewer D.fewer,less 14.a lot of =lots of 许多，大量 a lot of +可数名词复数=many a lot of +不可数名词= much （ ）① There is a lot of snow in the north of China in winter. （ ）②The students have lots of homework to do every day. A.many B.much C.a lot D.lot of 15.must/have to 必须 (1)must 强调主观看法，无时态变化 I must do my homework before I go out. (2) have to 强调客观需要，有时态和人称的变化，第三人称单数形式为has to ,过去式为had to I have to go to a meeting. 单元短语集锦： 1. how often 多久一次 2.how soon 多久以后 3.how many times 多少次 4.hardly ever 很少 5.once or twice 一两次 6.as for 至于 7.junk food 垃圾食品 8.keep healthy/stay healthy 保持健康 9.eating habits 饮食习惯 10.try to do sth 尽力做 11.try doing sth 尝试做 12.two or three times 两三次 13.surf the Internet 上网 14.the result of … …的结果 15.be different from 与……不同 16.keep something +adj 保持某物…. 17. be good to 对….好 18.a healthy lifestyle 一个健康的生活方式19.on weekends 在周末 20.of course 当然 21.look after/take care of 照顾 22.get good grades 取得好成绩 23.be good for 对….有好处 24.help sb to do sth 帮助某人做某事 小作文： How do I keep healthy? I am a middle school student. I’m very healthy.I get up early every morning and do some exercise.My eating habits is very good.I often eat fruit and vegetables.I eat junk food only once a month .I do my homework in the evening .I watch TV only twice a week,two hours a time.I sleep eight hours every day,I think good food and exercise help me to study better. 练习： 一、用所给词的正确形式填空： 1.The teacher wants me _________(learn) English well. 2.My mother says ________(drink) milk is good for my health. 3.Try _______(speak) English more and you can improve it. 4.There are some _______(different) between the tiger and the cat. 5.My sister often ______(go) swimming with her friends. 6.Mr Smith plays tennis _______(two) a day. 7.How often does the baby ______(drink) milk? 8.The old man wants his son _______(eat) more fruit. 9.There are two _________(different) between the two words. 10.It took me two hours ________(finish) my homework. 11.When Mom is busy ,her _____ (eat) habits become terrible. 二、 选择填空 （ ） 1.Can you speak a little louder? I can ____ hear you. A．hard B.really C.hardly D.clearlly （ ）2.There are few ____ in the fridge .Let’s go and buy some pears and carrots. A.vegetables B.fruit C.meat D.eggs （ ）3.My brother is too young.I have to ___ him at home. A.look after B.look at C.look for D.look out of （ ）4.My father ____ breakfast at home every day. A.hasn’t B.doesn’t have C.haven’t D.doesn’t has （ ）5.Dad often tells me ___ in his factory. A.something new B.new something C.anything new D.new anything （ ）6.--____is The Same Song shown on CCTV -3? -- Once a week. A.How long B.How often C.How soon （ ）7.I ____ ride a bike to school.But this morning I took a taxi because I got up late. A.never B.sometimes C.seldom D.usually （ ）8.We all like to be ________. A.keep healthy B.keep in good health C.in good health D.good healthy （ ）9.—Can you catch what the teacher said in the English class? --Sorry,I can _____ understand it. A.hardly B.almost C.nearly D.never （ ）10.Is William’s lifestyle _____David’s? A.the same B.same as C.same to D.the same as （ ）11.These coats are different ____ size. A.from B.of C.to D.in （ ）12.____ both of us failed to pass the driving test,____ we learned much about driving. A.Unless ,and B.Because,/ C.Though,but D.Although,/ （ ）13.You are so busy.What do you want me ___ for you? A.do B.done C.to do D.doing （ ）14.--____ does Betty do on weekends? -- She often reads at home. A.Where B.What C.How D.Why （ ）15.--____ hours do they exercise every week? - - About 40 hours ,I think . A.How many B.How long C.How often ( )16.Drinking milk is _____ your health. A.good to B.good for C.bad to D.bad for ( ) 17.--_____ are the pants? --Fifty yuan. A.How much B.How many C.How long D.How far ( ).18.My mother wants me ____ shopping. A.go B.goes C.going D.to go ( )19.How many ______are there in your aunt’s family. A.book B.car C.bike D.people ( ) 20.I’m thirty(口渴的) .Give me something to ____. A.eat B.drink C.play D.do Unit2 What’s the matter? Section A 1.matter n 事情 (1)What’s the matter?=What’s the trouble? =What’s wrong? ……怎么啦？（用于询问病情） （ ） —________? — I have a cold. A.How are you? B.What’s the matter?C.What about you? ◆与with连用 What’s the matter with sb/sth?=What’s the trouble with sb/sth? =What’s wrong with sb/sth? 某人怎么啦？ — What’s the matter with her? — — She has a toothache. ( ) ①What’s wrong with the old man? A.matter B.trouble C.problem D.the matter ②Sally has a headache.(对划线部分提问) (2) It doesn’t matter 没关系 （用来回答别人道歉时的用语） ( ) — I’m sorry to break your pen. —_______ A.That’s right B.It doesn’t matter C.Thank you (3) as a matter of fact 事实上 2.have a/an + 疾病名词 “患……病” have a sore throat 患喉咙痛 have a sore back 患背痛 have a fever 发烧 have a cold =catch a cold 患感冒 have a stomachache 患胃痛 have a toothache患牙痛 have a headache 患头痛 have a backache患背痛 Mike’s sister ______________(not have) a stomachache. 3.stomach n 胃 — stomachache n 胃痛 ◆ache n 放在表示身体某部位的名词后合成一个新词，构成表示疾病的名词或词组，“身体部位名词+ache” head—headache 头痛 tooth—toothache 牙痛 back— backache背痛 — What’s the matter with you? — I _________________(患胃痛) 4.sore adj 疼痛的，酸痛的（放在表示身体部位的名词前构成名词短语或做表语） have a sore throat 患喉咙痛 have a sore back患背痛 5.foot n 脚— (pl) feet on foot 步行 Everyone has two ________(foot). 6.maye/may be (1)maybe adv或许，大概，表示推测，通常用在句首，在句中作状语。 (2)may be 是“情态动词may +动词原形be”, 或许，可能是，也表示推测，在句中作谓语。 Maybe he is waiting for you now. —Where is my ruler? —It may be in the desk. 7.tooth n 牙齿 → (pl) teeth → toothache 牙痛 ①We should brush our _________(tooth) every day. ②How many ________(tooth) do you have? Toby has a __________(tooth).He can’t eat anything. ( )— I have a bad ______. — You should see a dentist. A.throat B.toothache C.cold D.fever 8.should 应该 情态动词，后跟动词原形，表示责任和义务 should not =shouldn’t 不应该 ①You should _________ (lie) down and rest. ( ) ② You ____ be quiet when you are in the reading room.