湖南快乐十分是否合法: 外研版高中英语Book 4全册导学案【精品全套】
外研版高中英语_Book 4全册导学案【精品全套】 Module 1 Life in the Future Period 1 Introduction, reading and vocabulary Teaching aims : 1. Encourage the students to know how to describe a building. 2. Train the speaking ability of the students. Teaching Important Points: Encourage the students to talk about building materials. Teaching Difficult Point: Lead the students to speak out the English names of some building materials. Teaching methods: Individual work, pair work. Period 1 Introduction, reading and vocabulary Part 1 I 词汇预习 1. predictions 作出预测 2. run （某物）用完 3. sure 肯定地 4. 材料 5. rely 依靠，依赖 6. 资源 7. in 在太空中 8. free of 免费 9. （常用复数）范围 10. 贴，系，连接 11. 都市的 郊外的 12. 开火，启动 13. 伤残(n) 残疾的(adj) 14. 危险的，冒险的(adj) 危险，风险(n) II 课文预读 A. Fast reading-- Try to find out the main idea of each part. Parts Main idea Part 1 (paragraph 1) Part2 (paragraph 2~12) B. Careful-reading Choose the best answer according to the text. 1.What is for sure about the cities in the future? A.They are getting bigger before the get small. B.They are getting smaller before they get bigger. C.They are getting smaller and smaller. D.They will keep the same as today. 2.Will a man get his telephone number in the future? A .When he is 18 years old. B. When he is 14 years old. C. When he gets married. D. When he was born. 3.Which is not true in the year 2025 according to the text? A.No smoking. B. Batman net. C. Garbage ships. D. Car powered by mind. 4.Why do people care more about the environment in the future? A.because they can use recycled materials. B.Because they have improved the sense of environment. C.Because the earth’s natural resources run out. D.Because there are more people in the world. 5.what can you do in the year 2025? A.you can go shopping in the walls. B. You can entertain freely. C. You have to go to hospital to get operated. D.You can smoke in your own room. C. Consolidation ---Try to fill in the blanks according to the text. No one can be sure what the city of the future will 1 , and 2 predictions is a risky business. People will care more for the environment, as earth’s natural resources 3 . They will use lots of recycled 4 such as plastic, aluminium, steel, glass, wood and paper. They will also have to 5 more on alternative energy. Some people think that the city will 6 huge spaceships with waste materials to get rid of garbage problems. Some believe that no smoking will be allowed with a future city’s limits. All forms of recreation will be provided 7 by the city. Maybe in the future, people will be given a telephone number at birth that will never change 8 where they live. It is likely that distance surgery will become common as doctors 9 operations from thousands of miles away, 10 each city having its own telesurgery outpatient clinic. Part 2自主学习 1. 难点突破 翻译并分析句子成分 1. To get rid of garbage problems, the city will load huge spaceships with waste materials and send them towards the sun, preventing landfill and environmental problems. 2. Distance surgery will become common as doctors carry out operations from thousands of miles away, with each city having its own telesurgery outpatient clinic. 3. Senior citizens and people with disabilities will be able to go anywhere in the world, (by) using high-tech camera (which is) attached to their head. 4. Making predictions is a risky business. 2.语言点学习 (page 1) 1.Bricks are often used to build walls. be used to do 意思是____________________ used to do意思是_________________________ be used to doing意思是____________________ 2.what materials your school is made of/from? be made of意思是 _______________ be made from意思是 ________________________ (Page 2) 3. what will the city of the future look like? look like意思是 _____________, like的词性是___________, 因此我们用________来提问 试译： 公园看起来什么样子？ 4. No one knows for sure, and making predictions is a risky business. ①for sure意思是_____________________ 试译：我认为他错了，但我也不敢肯定。 ②making predictions 在句子中作_______________成分，做出预测______________________, prediction的动词形式是_________________________, 但是天气预报的说法应该是_____________________________. 5. In the future, care for the environment will become very important as earth’s natural resources run out. 【思维拓展】 run out 是不及物动词短语，没有被动语态，主语是物，意思是用完，用尽 give out是不及物动词短语，没有被动语态，主语是物，意思是用完，用尽 run out of 是及物动词短语，主语是人, 意思是用完，用尽 use up是及物动词短语，主语是人, 意思是用完，用尽 用上面4个短语，翻译下面句子： 我们把钱用完了。 1 2 3 4 6. We will also have to rely more on alternative energy, such as solar and wind power. rely on = ___________________, 意思是____________________ 【搭配】 rely on sb/sth to do sth 指望……做某事 rely on/upon it that… 相信，指望 试译：①我们应该依靠自己来努力学习。 __________________________________________________________________________ ②你放心好了，本周末一定下雨。 You can it will rain this weekend. alternative 做形容词的意思是___________________, 做名词的意思是 __________________________, 别无选择只有做某事________________________________. 7. All this seems certain, but there are plenty of things about city life in the future which are not certain. 【思维拓展】 ①plenty of 可以修饰__________名词和________________名词， 归纳表示大量，许多的短语： 只用来修饰可数名词的短语：___________________________________________________ 只用来修饰不可数的短语：__________________________________________________ 既可以用来修饰可数和不可数的名词的短语: ________________________________________________________________________ ②certain 和sure 的异同点 ① for sure = for certain ②make sure= make certain ③sb is sure = sb is certain ④It is certain that 不能说it is sure, 但是一定要做或者一定不要做只能用 be sure (not) to do Eg: Be sure not to forget it. ⑤make sure that… 确保，弄明白 试译：我想门已经锁了，但我最好还是去查看一下。 I think the door is locked, but I’d better go and (it is). 8. Here are some of the ideas they had. 这是一个_______________(完全\部分)倒装句，规则是：当表示方位的名词, 副词和介词短语置于句首，主语是名词的时候引起倒装 试译：车来了。_____________________________ 你来了。________________________________ 9. To get rid of garbage problems, the city will load huge spaceships with waste materials and send them towards the sun, preventing landfill and environmental problems. ①To get rid of garbage problems 在句子中作________________成分，短语get rid of 的意思是________________________, 试译：他想尽力摆脱他的坏习惯. __________________________________________________________________________ ②. load…with 把什么装在什么的上面 试译：他们把香蕉装上卡车。 _____________________________________________________________________ ③．Preventing landfill and environmental problems在句子中作_______________状语，注意区别doing 和to do 在作结果状语时候的区别，doing表示________________结果；to do 表示______________________结果。 试译：1) 他匆匆忙忙跑到车站，却发现车开走了。 ___________________________________________________________________________ 2) 大雨下了好几天，造成了洪灾。 ________________________________________________________________________ 10. No smoking will be allowed within a future city’s limits. ①.within limits 的意思是_________________; 反义短语是________________________ ②. limit… to 把什么限制在什么的范围内 把你的演讲限制在5分钟之内。 _______________________________________________________________________- ③. allow的用法是 allow ________________(do); allow sb ________________(do) 11. Everyone will be given a telephone number at birth that will never change no matter where they live. that 引起一个__________从句，先行词是_______________, 这是一个间隔式_____________________从句。 no matter where引起一个__________________从句， 可以换成__________________. Wh- + ever 与no matter + wh- Wh- + ever可以引起名词性从句和让步状语从句 no matter + wh-只能引起让步状语从句 eg; Whatever(No matter what) you do, you must be very careful. They don’t last long no matter how careful you are.（让步状从） = They don’t last long however careful you are. Whoever leaves the classroom last should remember to turn off the light before leaving.(主从) =Anyone who leaves the classroom last should remember to turn off the light before leaving. __________________you may have, you should gather your courage to face the challenge. However a serious problem B. What a serious problem C. However serious a problem D. What a serious a problem 12. All forms of recreation, such as cinemas, bowling, softball, concerts and others will be provided free of charge by the city. free of charge的意思是 试译：我们还有一个游泳池，整日开放并且是免费的。 We also have a swimming pool, which is open all day and . 【思维拓展】 charge vt. 要价，指控 n. 负责 in charge of 主管，负责 in the charge of 由……负责，主管 charge sb with (doing) sth 指控某人（做）某事 take charge of 负责，掌管 试译：这些病人由Wilson医生治疗。 These patients are Dr. Wilson. 13. Distance surgery will become common as doctors carry out operations from thousands of miles away, with each city having its own telesurgery outpatient clinic. as引起______________从句，意思是___________________ carry out 的意思是____________________, 做实验___________________________; 实施计划_____________________________ With each city having its own telesurgery outpatient clinic是with的复合结构，with+宾语+宾语补足语，宾语补足语有形容词，副词，动名词，过去分词，不定式和介词短语 由于地板又湿又脏，我们只好待在外面。 With the floor ____________________, we had to stay outside. 灯亮了，房间很明亮。 The room was bright with the light __________________. 他躺在那里，眼睛盯着天花板。 He lay there, with the eyes _______________________________. 做完所有的作业后，他出去踢球。 He went out to play football, with all his homework ______________________. 有很多的工作要做，我们只好待在家里。 With so much work ________________, we had to stay at home. 那个人手里拿着一本书走进房间。 The man entered the room, with a book ___________________. 14. Senior citizens and people with disabilities will be able to go anywhere in the world using high-tech cameras attached to their head. attached to their head在从句中做______________成分；attach to 的意思是______________ attach sth to sth 把什么系在或附在什么的上面；试译：小孩子喜欢把小画片贴在他们的书上。 _____________________________________________ 【思维拓展】 attach importance/significance/value/weight o 认为什么有重要性/意义/价值/分量 Parents _____________ much importance to education. They will do their best to give their children that priceless gift. A. attach B. pay C. link D. apply Step 3 讨论与合作 Step 4 精心训练 一、单选 1． _____________ you may have, you should gather your courage to face the challenge. A. However a serious problem B. What a serious problem C. However serious a problem D. What a serious a problem 2． The experiment shows that proper amounts of exercise, if regularly, can improve our health. A. being carried out B. carrying out C. carried out D. to carry out 3. – I’m still working on my project. -- Oh, you’ll miss the deadline. Time is . A. running out B. going out C. giving out D. losing out 4. the project as planned, we’ll have to work two more hours a day. A. Completing B. Complete C. Completed D. To complete 5. John received an invitation to dinner, and with his work , he gladly accepted it. A. finished B. finishing C. having finished D. was finished 6. so many people communicating in English every day, it will become more and more important to use English freely. A. As B. With C. Because D. If 7. Could I speak to is in charge of International Sales, please? A. anyone B. someone C. whoever D. no matter who 二、阅读理解 Let us suppose it is now about AD 2070. Let’s make believe it is about sixty years from now. Of course, things have changed, and life is very different. Voyages（航行） to the moon are being made every day. It is as easy to take a holiday on the moon today as it was for the people in 2007 to take a holiday in Europe. As there are a number of scenic spots on the moon, many hotels have been built. The hotels are air-conditioned, naturally. In order that everyone can enjoy the beautiful scenery（风景） on the moon, every room has at least one picture window. Everything imaginable is provided for entertainment（娱乐）of the young and old. What are people eating now? People are still eating food. But many foods now come in pill form, and the food that goes into the pill continues to come mainly from green plants. Since there are several times as many people in the world today as there were a hundred years ago, most of our planet’s surface has to be filled. The deserts are irrigated （灌溉）with water and crops are no longer destroyed by pests. The harvest is always good. Farming, of course, is very highly developed. Very few people have to work on the farm. It is possible to run the farm by just pushing a few buttons now and then. People are now largely vegetarians（素食者）. You see, as the number of people increases, the number of animals decreases. Therefore, the people have to be vegetarians and we are healthier in both our bodies and our minds, and we know the causes and the cure of disease and pain, and it is possible to get rid of diseases. No one has to be ill any more. Such might be our life in 2070. 1. When was the passage written? A. In about 2070. B. In about 1970. C. In about 2000. D. In about 2010. 2. According to the passage, what will be on the moon in about AD 2070? A. Many tourists.