快乐十分任三口诀: b8 m6 grammar----attributive clause
高二外语组 主编人liuyuan 审核人 zja 日期 2017.05 B8 M6 Grammar----Attributive Clause 知识梳理： 一、概念 1、定语是用来修饰______或______的，起_______、______作用的词、短语或句子，汉语中常用“……的”表示。充当定语的有: 形容词、代词、数词、名词或名词所有格、介词短语、动词不定式、动词-ing形式、动词-ed形式、介词短语和从句。 ※多个作定语的形容词的顺序是_________________________. 2、定语从句：在复合句中修饰_____或_____的______叫作定语从句。 其中，定语从句所修饰的词叫_______；引导定语从句的连词叫__________或__________。 二、指出关系代词（副词）在定语从句中的成份： 1. The man who came to our school is Mr. Wang. ( ) 2. The girl (whom) I met is Lucy. ( ) 3. A child whose parents are dead is called Tom. ( ) 4. I like the book (which) you bought yesterday. ( ) 5. We shall never the days when we lived together. ( ) 知识探究： 考点一：that和which 1、关系代词指物时，引导词只用which不用that的情况： ① 关系代词指物，作介词宾语的时候： This is the question about_____ they have discussed in the past few weeks. ② 关系代词指前面的整个句子，引导非限制性定语从句时： He failed in the exam, _____made his father angry. ※Which引导非限定性定语从句，其先行词可是一个词,也可是整个主句或主句的某一部分。 e.g. ⑴.She heard a terrible noise, ____ brought her heart into her mouth. A. it B. which C. this D. that (2). The weather turned out to be good, ___ was more than we could expect. A. what B. which C. that D. it 2、 that和which都指物时，只用that不用which的情况： ① 先行词为不定代词everything，little，much，all，anything，nothing。 e.g. Finally, the thief handed everything ______he had stolen. ② 先行词前有形容词最高级、序数词修饰时，用that。 e.g. This is the best book ______I’ve ever read. ③ 先行词被the only，the very，the last 修饰时，用that。 e.g. He is the only person_____ I want to see now. ④ 先行词同时指人和指物时，用that。 e.g. We talked about the things and persons _____ we saw then. ⑤ 当主句的主语是疑问词who或which时 Which is the bike _____ you lost? 考点二：介词+关系代词 “of + which/whom”可用来限定名词、代词、分数词、数词等。 e.g.(1). In the dark street, there wasn’t a single person _____ she could turn for help. A. that B. who C. from whom D. to whom (2). He paid the boy $10 for washing the windows, most of ________ hadn’t been cleaned for at least a year. A. these B. those C. that D. which 考点三：关系代词前介词的确定 1.根据从句中动词与先行词的逻辑关系，请体会： e.g. Is that the newspaper ______ which you often write articles? 2. 根据从句中动词或形容词的习惯搭配，如： e.g. Can you explain to me how to use these idioms ____ which I’m sure. 3. 根据先行词与介词的搭配习惯，请体会： e.g. 1949 was the year_____ which the P.R.C. was founded. 4.非限制性定与从句中，要表示先行词的一部分时，可用“数词/代词 + of + 关系代词”的结构，如： e.g. There are 50 students in our class, two-thirds of whom have been to Beijing. 5. Whose从句可转换为“ of +关系代词”型，如： e.g. They live in a house, whose door opens to the south. == They lived in a house, ____________________opens to the south. ==They lived in a house, _____________________opens to the south. 考点四:关系副词的运用 在限定性和非限定性从句中，when的先行词是时间名词，where的先行词是地点名词，分别在定语从句中做状语。 1. After living in Paris for 50 years he returned to the small town ______ he grew up as a child. A. which B. where C. that D. when 2. It was an exciting moment for these people this year, ______ for the first time their team won the World Cup. A. that B. while C. which D. when 考点五：as与which引导的定语从句 两者均可引导非限制性定语从句，位于句中时能译为“正如”时一般用as，否则用which，但位于句首时，通常用as. e.g.______ we all know, the earth is round. She has been late again, _____ was expected. Tom has made great progress,_______ made us happy. 考点六：先行词前面有so, such, the same修饰时 1. He is so kind a boy(=_________________) ____ we all like him. He is such a kind boy(=__________________) _____ we all like. 总结：_______________________________________________ 2. This is the same book _______ I bought yesterday. He is the same man _______ I met yesterday. 总结：_____________________________________________________ 考点七：定语从句和同位语从句的区别： The fact _____the earth moves around the sun is known to us all. ( ) The fact _____ he talked about yesterday is known to us all. ( ) 总结：_________________________________________________ 知识落实： 1. I’m using the pen which he bought it yesterday. 2. Is that factory which your father once worked in? 3. The man whom I spoke is from Canada. 4. July 1, 1999 is the day when we’ll never forget. 5. I still remember the holidays I stayed with them. 6. I’m going to work in the hospital where needs me. 7. Those that haven’t been to the West Lake will gather at the school gate. 8. I don’t like the way which you talked to your friend. 9. Who is the worker who took some pictures of the factory. 10. Soon they came to a farm house, and in front of which sat a small boy. 11. We heard the news which our team won the game. 12. Which is known to all, many satellite are going around in the sky. 13. Einstein is such a great scientist that we must learn from. 14. Miss Chen is the only one of the few teachers who give us wonderful English lessons in our school. 15. Taiwan, that we know, belongs to China. A hedge between keeps friendship green. 君子之交淡如水.