Living well 李仕才 一、阅读理解 The British are supposed to be famous for laughing at themselves, but even their sense of humor has a limit, as the British retailer Gerald Ratner found out to his cost. When Ratner took over his father’s chain of 140 jewelry shops in 1984, he introduced a very clear company policy. He decided that his shops should sell down market products at the lowest possible prices. It was a great success. The British public loved his cheap gold earrings and his tasteless silver decorations. By 1991, Ratner’s company had 2,400 shops and it was worth over 680 million pounds. But in April of that year, Gerald Ratner made a big mistake. At a bit meeting of top British business people, he suited up and explained the secret of his success —People say “How can we sell our goods for such a low price?”. He say “Because they are absolute rubbish.” His audience burst out laughing. But the British newspapers and the British public were not so amused. People felt insulted and stayed away from Ratner’s shops. Sales fell and six months after his speech ,Ratner’s share price had fallen by 42%. The following year, things got worse and Gerald Ratner was forced to resign. By the end of 1992, he lost his company, his career and his house. Even worse, 25,000 of his employees had lost their jobs. It had been a very expensive joke. 1.What are the British noted for according to the passage? A. Their jewelry shops.B. Their love for jewelry. C. Their jokes about themselves.D. Their harmless humor. 2.How did Ratner achieve success in his business? A. He cut down his labor cost. B. He adopted an effective business model. C. He employed a lot of new staff. D. He developed great relations with business VIPs. 3.Which of the following can best replace the underlined word “insulted”? A. Offended.B. Amazed. C. Abused.D. Attracted. 4.What does the story of Gerald Ratner suggest? A. Action speaks louder than words. B. What goes around comes around. C.A friend in need is a friend indeed. D.A man may dig his grave with his teeth. 【文章大意】本文为记叙文。讲述的是英国零售商Gerald Ratner因为自嘲时说错话而导致失败的故事。 2.B 【解析】推理判断题。根据第二段第一句话中的“…he introduced a very clear company policy.” 和第二句话He decided that his shops should sell down market products at the lowest possible prices. 可知他采用了一种有效的商业模式——以最低价销售产品，故选B。 3.A 【解析】词义猜测题。根据第二段最后两句话可知人们感到受到了侮辱冒犯，都不去他的商店了，由此可知该词与offended一致，故选A。 二、教材与语法填空 根据教材课文内容，在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。 Six months ago，Xie Lei boarded a plane for London 1.___________ （complete） a business qualification. It was the first time she 2.___________ （leave） her motherland. And she is halfway through her preparation year， which is a must for any student before entering a degree course. On 3.___________ （arrive） in London，she lived with a host family， 4.___________ members always helped her. Xie Lei found it difficult 5.___________ （get） used to a whole new way of life as well as study； the former occupied all her concentration in the beginning. It was 6.___________ （benefit） as well as difficult for her to study in London. Now she 7.___________ （learn） more about everyday life and customs of the new country. 8.___________ has got Xie Lei impressed deeply is their academic requirements. The teachers encourage students to think by 9.___________ （they） and have their own opinions rather than only refer 10. ___________ others’. 答案：1.to complete 2.had left 3.arriving 4.whose 5.to get 6.beneficial 7.has learned 8.What 9.themselves 10.to 三、完形填空 When Lisa Welch，from Jimboomba，Queensland，was struggling with what to gift her son for his upcoming 10th birthday，she was beaten.Her little boy Jorge has a __1__， who，born with Corticol Dysplasia，is unable to speak and his brain __2__ as an 18 months old. Lisa had noticed that during the drive to school each weekday morning，Jorge almost jumped out of his seat __3__ every time they passed a big truck.This was what gave her the idea to put a post on the local Facebook Sell It page, __4__ a person with a truck to visit their home for an hour and __5__ take Jorge for a ride.Within minutes，Melissa Whelan，whose husband Tom drives a big truck，__6__ to be online and contacted(联系)Lisa, Jorge s birthday __7__ had been organized. But the story doesn t __8__ there.The offers of trucks and time kept pouring in.It was at this point that Gavin，another trucker，stepped in and __9__.Afterwards，he set up a __10__ page “Jimboomba Jorge” __11__ everyone could keep pace with what was unfolding.The __12__ of the birthday surprise spread，and enthusiasm and local community spirit __13__.Within 5 days，Gavin had organized a convoy(车队)of 214 trucks, with __14__ coming from across the country.He spoke with radio stations 4BC about Jorge and the convoy.Channel 9 Australia was contacted and they too made arrangements to be __15__ on the day. Saturday the 15th December __16__ bright and sunny，which turned out the best ever birthday for Jorge.The community also __17__ a total of $1 700 toward Jorge s ongoing __18__ costs and __19__ the birthday presents was the donation of a tablet PC from the local Telstra shop.Lisa is excited that this can be used to aid Jorge with his __20__. 1．A.toy B．disability C．situation D．habit 2．A.treats B．considers C．functions D．describes 3．A.casually B．calmly C．excitedly D．violently 4．A.asking for B．depending on C．sending for D．bringing up 5．A.frequently B．gradually C．deliberately D．possibly 6．A.hesitated B．happened C．intended D．pretended 7．A.surprise B．invitations C．evening D．dance 8．A.end B．begin C．turn D．mean 9．A.pulled over B．handed over C．took over D．thought over 10．A.normal B．frequent C．usual D．special 11．A.in case B．even if C．as long as D．so that 12．A.time B．place C．rule D．message 13．A.grew B．sank C．lost D．fell 14．A.doctors B．drivers C．clerks D．patients 15．A.off B．out C．away D．there 16．A.showed B．wiped C．dawned D．varied 17．A.raised B．earned C．wasted D．spent 18．A.general B．medical C．living D．travelling 19．A.between B．at C．among D．against 20．A.decision B．communication C．drive D．relationship 【解题导语】本文是一篇记叙文，讲述了母亲Lisa为她患病的儿子准备生日惊喜的故事。在很多人的帮助下，她的儿子Jorge度过了一个完美的生日，同时，Jorge还收到了很多生日礼物以及好心人的捐款。 1．B 考查名词辨析。A项意为“玩具”；B项意为“缺陷，障碍”；C项意为“情况”；D项意为“习惯”。根据空格后的“who, born with Corticol Dysplasia, is unable to speak and his brain ________ as an 18 months old”可判断出，Jorge生来身体上就有缺陷。故选B。 2．C 考查动词辨析。A项意为“对待”；B项意为“考虑”；C项意为“正常工作，运转”；D项意为“描述”。根据“is unable to speak”可判断出，Jorge大脑的运转水平大约和18月大的孩子一样。故选C。 3．C 考查副词辨析。A项意为“不经意地”；B项意为“镇静地”；C项意为“兴奋地”；D项意为“强烈地”。根据上文中的“jumped out of his seat”可判断出，此处指Jorge每次看到有大卡车经过时都会从座位上兴奋地跳起来。故选C。 4．A 考查动词短语辨析。A项意为“请求”；B项意为“依赖”；C项意为“派人去请”；D项意为“提出，养育”。根据空格后的“a person with a truck to visit their home for an hour”可判断出，此处指Lisa是想请求一位有卡车的人来她家。故选A。 5．D 考查副词辨析。A项意为“频繁地”；B项意为“逐渐地”；C项意为“故意地”；D项意为“可能，也许”。根据语境可知，Lisa希望如果有可能的话，卡车司机可以载Jorge一程。故选D。 6．B 考查动词辨析。A项意为“犹豫”；B项意为“发生”；C项意为“打算”；D项意为“假装”。此处指丈夫是卡车司机的Melissa Whelan碰巧在线并联系了Lisa。happen to do意为“碰巧发生”。故选B。 7．A 考查名词辨析。A项意为“惊喜”；B项意为“邀请”；C项意为“晚上”；D项意为“舞蹈”。根据第三段第五句中的“the birthday surprise spread”可知，此处指Lisa做这一切是想给儿子一个生日惊喜。故选A。 8．A 考查动词辨析。A项意为“结束”；B项意为“开始”；C项意为“转动”；D项意为“意思是”。根据下文内容可知，这个故事并没有到此结束。故选A。 9．C 考查动词短语辨析。A项意为“靠边停车”；B项意为“移交”；C项意为“接替，接任”；D项意为“仔细考虑”。根据下文中的“he set up a ________ page ‘Jimboomba Jorge ”可知，另一位卡车司机介入并接替了这件事情。故选C。 10．D 考查形容词辨析。A项意为“正常的”；B项意为“频繁的”；C项意为“通常的”；D项意为“特别的”。根据下文内容可知，这是一张特别的“page”。故选D。 11．D 考查连词短语辨析。A项意为“万一，假使”；B项意为“即使”；C项意为“只要”；D项意为“以便”。此处指Gavin建立一个写有“Jimboomba Jorge”的页面以便每个人都能知道这件事情的进展?？崭窈竺娴淖从锎泳浔硎镜氖墙峁?，能引导结果状语从句的只有so that。故选D。 12．D 考查名词辨析。A项意为“时间”；B项意为“地点”；C项意为“规则”；D项意为“消息”。根据语境可知，生日惊喜的消息很快就传播开了。故选D。 13．A 考查动词辨析。A项意为“增长”；B项意为“下沉”；C项意为“丢失”；D项意为“落下”。根据下文内容可知，生日惊喜的消息很快就传播开来，热情和当地社区人们的情绪高涨。故选A。 14．B 考查名词辨析。A项意为“医生”；B项意为“司机”；C项意为“职员”；D项意为“病人”。根据上文中的“Gavin had organized a convoy(车队)of 214 trucks”可知，Gavin组织了一个由来自全国各地的司机组成的卡车车队。故选B。 15．D 考查副词辨析。句意为：有人联系了澳大利亚的Channel 9，他们也做出了安排，那天会在那里(进行报道)。故选D。 16．C 考查动词辨析。A项意为“展示”；B项意为“擦”；C项意为“天亮，破晓”；D项意为“变化”。根据“bright and sunny”可判断出，天亮之后才能阳光明媚。故选C。 17．A 考查动词辨析。A项意为“筹集”；B项意为“赚得”；C项意为“浪费”；D项意为“花费”。根据空格后的“a total of $1 700”可知，社区也为Jorge筹集了1 700美元。故选A。 18．B 考查形容词辨析。A项意为“全体的，普遍的”；B项意为“医疗的”；C项意为“活着的”；D项意为“旅行的”。因为Jorge是一个患病的孩子，根据空格前后的“Jorge s ongoing”和“costs”可知，这些钱是用来支付Jorge的医疗费用的。故选B。 19．C 考查介词辨析。根据语境可知，Jorge的生日礼物很多，among the birthday presents表示“在这些礼物当中”，符合语境。故选C。 20．B 考查名词辨析。A项意为“决定”；B项意为“交流”；C项意为“驾车路程”； D项意为“关系”。根据第一段中的“is unable to speak”和本段中的“a tablet PC from the local Telstra shop”可知，当地的Telstra商店送给Jorge一个平板电脑，Lisa认为这对Jorge的交流会有所帮助。故选B。 亮点句积累：The offers of trucks and time kept pouring in.(第三段第二句) 译文：可供使用的卡车和时间段不断涌来。 词汇积累：pour v．不断涌向 organize v．组织 keep pace with保持同步，并驾齐驱 四、教材与话题写作 （Ⅰ）用本单元所学知识完成下列句子。 1.一年前我离开父母来到美国深造。（head for） _____________________________________________________ 答案：A year ago， I left my parents and headed for America for further study. 2.刚开始我不适应这儿的生活，但渐渐地，我融入了新的班级中。（adapt to； fit in） _____________________________________________________ 答案：At the beginning， I couldn’t adapt to the life here， but gradually， I was able to fit in with the new class. 3.在老师们的帮助下， 我的成绩一直保持得很好。（keep up） _____________________________________________________ 答案：With the help of the teachers， I have kept my grades up till now. 4.令我惊讶的是，现在导师要推荐我到哈佛大学。（recommend） _____________________________________________________ 答案：To my surprise， my tutor recommends me to go to Harvard University. 5.除了全身心地投入学习外，我不知道如何去感谢他。（occupy oneself in） _____________________________________________________ 答案：I don’t know how to acknowledge his help except that I am occupying myself in study. 6.没有他的帮助，这些成绩是不可能的。（out of the question） _____________________________________________________ 答案：Without his help， these achievements are out of the question. （Ⅱ）将以上句子连成短文，要求衔接连贯、过渡自然。 _____________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________ 五、下面是李华的一篇作文，文中有五处错误，改正错误并背诵该文。 A year ago， left my parents，I headed for America for further study. At the beginning， I couldn’t adapt to the life here， but gradually， I was able to fit in the new class. More fortunate， with the help of the teachers， I has kept my grades up till now.To my surprise， my tutor recommends me to go to Harvard University.I don’t know how to acknowledge his help except that I am occupying myself in study. There is no doubt whether without his help， these achievements are out of the question. 答案： A year ago， my parents，I headed for America for further study.At the beginning， I couldn’t adapt to the life here， but gradually， I was able to fit in the new class. More ， with the help of the teachers， I kept my grades up till now.To my surprise， my tutor recommends me to go to Harvard University.I don’t know how to acknowledge his help except that I am occupying myself in study. There is no doubt without his help， these achievements are out of the question.