Unit 5 Meeting your ancestors 李仕才 一、阅读理解 Recent months have seen a revival of the humble(普通的)bike across China, with an increasing number of people choosing pedaling(骑车)instead of driving to school, to workplaces or to do sightseeing. The introduction of bike-sharing systems, services in which bicycles are made available for shared use to individuals who do not own them and pioneered by start-ups like Ofo and Mobike, has brought the trend to a new level. Washington D. C. has one of the biggest bike sharing systems in the US with 3, 700 bikes and 440 stations. The UK, France and Germany all have growing programs. However, China, so far, outdoes(超过)them all by operating three out of four of the world’s shard bikes. People can unlock the shard bikes by simply using their smartphone. The bikes are equipped with GPS and users of China’s versions can leave bikes anywhere in public for the next user. They’re popular among many Chinese people as they provide an effective solution to the “last mile” problem, which refers to the final leg of a person’s journey. However, the Chinese programs have also led to problems such as illegal parking, vandalism(故意破坏)and theft. In fact, these problems are also shared by bike-sharing programs abroad. Launched in 2007, Véilb is a large-scale public bike sharing system in Paris. At its early stage of operation, it also suffered from problems of vandalism or theft. By Oct 2009, a large number of Vélib’s initial bikes had to be replaced due to vandalism or theft, according to The New York Times. To deal with these problems, the company came up with the idea of encouraging people to return the bikes to stations by rewarding free time for their next rides. Now, Chinese service operators are also trying to address these problems. For example, Mobike sets a 100-point credit score for each user, with points taken in the case of bad behavior. Once a score drops below 80, bike rental is increased to 100 yuan per 30 minutes, up from 0. 5-1 yuan. 1.What can we learn about bike sharing systems? A. They offer free bike rides. B. They are running perfectly. C. China operates the biggest system. D. France was the first to launch the system. 2.As a means of transportation, bike-sharing can be best described as _______. A. promising but expensive.B. convenient and eco-friendly. C. eco-friendly but ineffective.D. troublesome and meaningless. 3.What can be a suitable title for the text? A. Shared Bikes Pedal into Style. B. Problems with Bikes in China. C. Shared Bikes Attract Young People. D. Transportation Changes with the Times. 【文章大意】本文为说明文。讲述的是共享单车成为一种新的趋势，并介绍了它的优缺点。 2.B 【解析】推理判断题。根据第三段可知共享单车方便而且环保，故选B。 3.A 【解析】主旨大意题。纵观全文可知本文讲的是共享单车成为一种新的趋势，与A项一致，故选A。 二、教材与语法填空 根据教材课文内容，在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。 A group of students from England has come to the Zhoukoudian caves for a visit. 1.___________ archaeologist is showing them round. The archaeologists 2.___________ (excavate) here for many years. After 3.___________ (find) human and animal bones in those caves higher up the hill as well as tools and other objects, they think it is 4.___________ (reason) to assume some of the earliest people lived in these caves, regardless 5.___________ the cold. They discovered fireplaces in the centre of the caves 6.___________ they made fires. Some evidence suggests that our ancestors did wear clothes 7.___________ (make) from animal skins. The archaeologist also shows the students a primitive necklace preserved quite well. Indeed, as the botanical analyses have 8.___________ (special) shown us, all the fields around here used 9.___________ (be) part of a large shallow lake. Perhaps there was trade between early peoples or they 10.___________ (travel) to the seaside on their journeys. 答案：1.An 2.have been excavating 3.finding 4．reasonable 5.of 6.where 7.made 8.specially 9．to be 10.travelled 三、完形填空 Falling off a boxcar and landing on my head，I lost my sight when I was four years old.Now I am thirty-two.I can __1__ remember the brightness of sunshine.It would be wonderful to see again，__2__ a tragedy can do strange things to people. It __3__ to me that I might not have come to love life as I do now if I hadn t been blind.My parents and my teacher saw something __4__ me，and they made me want to __5__ against blindness. The hardest __6__ I had to learn was to believe in myself.If I hadn t been able to do that，I would have __7__ down for the rest of my life.When I say __8__ in myself I am not talking about __9__ the kind of self-confidence that __10__ me down an unfamiliar staircase(楼梯)alone.But I mean something bigger than that：the assurance that I am a real positive person __11__ imperfections. It took me years to obtain this __12__.It had to start with the __13__.Once a man gave me an indoor __14__.“I can t use this，”I said.“Take it with you，” he __15__ me，“and roll it around.”The __16__ stuck in my head.“Roll it around！” By rolling the ball I could hear where it went.This gave me an idea how to achieve a goal I had thought __17__. At the School for the Blind I __18__ a new kind of baseball called the “ground ball”．All my life I have set a series of goals and then tried to reach them，one at a time.I had to learn my __19__.I would fail sometimes anyway but on the average I made __20__. 1．A.randomly B．abruptly C．roughly D．completely 2．A.so B．but C．thus D．and 3．A.occurred B．referred C．brought D．turned 4．A.of B．for C．to D．in 5．A.get B．fight C．find D．drop 6．A.method B．experience C．lesson D．manner 7．A.broken B．put C．settled D．lay 8．A.courage B．ambition C．belief D．power 9．A.firmly B．simply C．fairly D．slightly 10．A.stops B．helps C．finds D．gives 11．A.despite B．besides C．without D．unlike 12．A.description B．existence C．accusation D．recognition 13．A.intelligence B．incident C．trouble D．determination 14．A.chair B．baseball C．game D．design 15．A.urged B．blamed C．greeted D．teased 16．A.goals B．words C．images D．ideas 17．A.valuable B．reasonable C．impossible D．unbearable 18．A.discovered B．equipped C．formed D．invented 19．A.limitations B．advantages C．puzzles D．personalities 20．A.sense B．progress C．mistakes D．decisions 【解题导语】本文是一篇夹叙夹议文。文章主要讲述了“我”在四岁的时候失去了视力，但通过一件小事，“我”学会了自信，并逐渐取得进步的过程。 【核心词汇】tragedy悲剧 imperfection缺点 on the average一般来说 roughly粗略地 1．C 考查副词?！拔摇彼乃晔笔ナ恿?，现在已经三十二岁了。由此可推知，此处表示“我”粗略地记得，故选C。roughly“粗略地，大致上”。 2．B 考查连词。根据语境可知，上下文之间是转折关系，故选B。 3．A 考查动词?！拔摇毕氲饺绻拔摇泵挥惺鳌拔摇笨赡懿换嵯裣衷谡庋劝?。It occurs to sb.that.为固定句型，意为“某人想到……”。 4．D 考查介词?！拔摇备改敢约袄鲜吹搅恕拔摇蹦谠诘囊恍┒?，他们让“我”想要与失明作斗争。根据语境可知，此处应选D。 5．B 考查动词。参见上题解析。fight against.“与……作斗争”。 6．C 考查名词?！拔摇毖У降淖罾训囊豢?lesson)就是要相信“我”自己。 7．A 考查动词。如果“我”做不到那样的话，“我”可能已经精神崩溃了。break down“(在健康或精神等方面)垮掉”。 8．C 考查名词。根据上文中的“to believe in myself”可知，此处应选C项与上文相照应。 9．B 考查副词?！拔摇彼档男判牟⒉唤鼋?simply)指帮助(helps)“我”走下陌生楼梯的自信。 10．B 考查动词。参见上题解析。 11．A 考查介词。尽管“我”是一个不完美的人，但是“我”是一个积极的人。despite“尽管”，符合语境。 12．D 考查名词?！拔摇被撕芏嗄瓴湃鲜兜秸庖坏?。A项意为“描述”；B项意为“存在”；C项意为“控告”；D项意为“认识”。 13．B 考查名词。这从一件小事开始。A项意为“智慧”；B项意为“小事”；C项意为“麻烦”；D项意为“决心”。 14．B 考查名词。根据下文中的“a new kind of baseball”可知，此处指棒球。 15．A 考查动词。根据语境可知，此处指他一直在敦促“我”。urge“强烈要求，敦促”。 16．B 考查名词。他所说的话(words)印在“我”的脑海中，故选B。 17．C 考查形容词。这给了“我”一个如何实现”我”认为不可能(impossible)的目标的想法。A项意为“有价值的”；B项意为“合情理的”；C项意为“不可能的”；D项意为“无法容忍的”。 18．D 考查动词。在盲人学?！拔摇狈⒚?invented)了一种新的被称之为“地滚球”的棒球。A项意为“发现”；B项意为“配备”；C项意为“形成”；D项意为“发明”。 19．A 考查名词?！拔摇辈坏貌涣私庾约旱牟蛔阒?。limitation“(某人或某物的) 局限性，不足之处”。 20．B 考查名词?！拔摇庇惺被崾О?，但一般说来“我”取得了进步。make progress“取得进展”。 四、教材与话题写作 (Ⅰ)用本单元所学知识完成下列句子。 1．上个月我们非常有幸到周口店洞穴参观。(a great honor) ___________________________________________________ 答案：Last month, it was a great honor for us to pay a visit to the Zhoukoudian caves. 2．这次参观非常有意义。(significance) ___________________________________________________ 答案：This visit is of great significance. 3．这使我们对原始人类生活的认识更加清晰。(primitive; sharpen) ___________________________________________________ 答案：It sharpened our thinking about the life of the primitive people. 4．我们不仅了解了他们在寒冬御寒的一些方法，而且还知道他们除了拼命多找食物防止饥饿外别无选择。(keep.out; alternative) ___________________________________________________ 答案：We are not only aware of some of their ways of keeping the cold out during the freezing winter, but also we know they had no alternative but to hunt for more food desperately to prevent starvation. 5．我被他们所戴的项链吸引住了，我认为尽管生活条件异常艰苦，他们仍很在乎外貌。(regardless of) ___________________________________________________ 答案：I was attracted by their necklace and I assume that they cared about their appearance very much, regardless of the terrible living conditions. (Ⅱ)将以上句子连成短文，要求衔接连贯、过渡自然。 ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ 五、下面是李华的一篇作文，文中有五处错误，改正错误并背诵该文。 Last month, it was great honor for us to pay a visit to the Zhoukoudian caves, which is of great significance, because it sharpened our thinking about the life of the primitive people. What’s worse, not only are we aware of some of their ways of keeping the cold out during the freezing winter, but also we know they have no alternative but to hunt for more food desperately to prevent starvation. Suddenly, I was attracted by their necklace，from that I assume that they cared about their appearance very much, regardless of the terrible living condition. 答案： Last month, it was great honor for us to pay a visit to the Zhoukoudian caves, which is of great significance, because it sharpened our thinking about the life of the primitive people. What’s ， not only are we aware of some of their ways of keeping the cold out during the freezing winter, but also we know they no alternative but to hunt for more food desperately to prevent starvation. Suddenly, I was attracted by their necklace，from I assume that they cared about their appearance very much, regardless of the terrible living .