Unit 5 Nelson Mandel-a modern hero 李仕才 【阅读理解】 As is known to us all, many teen celebrities(名人) feel and think that having a slimmer figure can do great good to them. But, does size really matter? Are teenage fans trying hard to become like their celebrity idols(偶像)? Do celebrities really have the power to influence people, especially teenagers? For the longest time, many parents blame teen idols for influencing the way their kids act. Have you noticed how teens idolize the celebrities these days? Even, their personal affairs are being followed by kids these days. Take for example the case of Lindsay Lohan and Mary Kate Ashley. They are definitely famous teen stars. But, since they are trying to project an image to satisfy a lot of people in show business, their health and body suffer. Many kids are aware of this problem. But they are easily influenced by these celebrities to exercise and eat less. It is a fact that the media, and especially famous teen celebrities, can influence people powerfully. But teenagers are easily influenced because teenage years are the period when our personality and identity developments take place. Teens watching TV shows and reading magazines are easily pulled into the dieting and harmful eating habits because the media have some ways to pull these acts. They use thin models and celebrities to endorse(做广告宣传) products or to star in an up-and-coming shows or movies. With fierce competition, celebrities are forced to eat less and do extreme exercise routines to get the roles or offers that come their way. Living in today’s time and generation is a bit disturbing to a lot of parents. Media, especially as well as the celebrities, have a very powerful influence to drive teenagers to good or bad. It’s good that we can control ourselves to avoid bad things from happening. If not, parents should really be aware and guide their teens to determine what’s in and what’s out. 【文章大意】本文主要讲述青少年如何受偶像的影响以及偶像们也受青少年的影响这种社会现象, 以此警示家长们正确利用偶像对孩子们的影响。 1. From the passage we can find Lindsay Lohan ________. A. lives an unhealthy lifestyle B. lives a rich and happy life C. doesn’t get any exercise D. sets a good example for teenagers 【解析】选A。细节理解题。根据第二段“. . . their health and body suffer”可知她过着不健康的生活, 故选A。 2. According to the writer, why are teenagers easily influenced by some TV shows? A. They are tired of school. B. Their celebrity idols appear in many TV shows. C. They’re in their development period. D. They have nothing to do in their spare time. 【解析】选C。细节理解题。根据第三段“But teenagers are easily influenced because teenage years are the period when our personality and identity developments take place”可知青少年是个性等的发展阶段, 易受影响, 故选C。 3 Many celebrities have to be on diet________. A. to keep healthy to face competition B. to survive under pressure C. to keep a slim size D. to satisfy their teenage fans 【解析】选B。细节理解题。根据第三段的最后一句话“With fierce competition, celebrities are forced to eat less and do extreme exercise routines to get the roles or offers that come their way. ”判断明星们的节食是因为压力太大。故选B。 4. What’s the best title for the passage? A. Parents’ responsibilities B. Advice on self-control C. Bad influences of celebrities D. Media’s bad influences 【解析】选C。主旨大意题。通读全文, 文章主要叙述了明星们对孩子们的不良影响。故选C。 教材与语法填空 根据教材课文内容，在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。 Nelson Mandela, 1. (bear) on July 18, 1918, is the first black president of South Africa. He 2. (study) law after he entered university. After that he 3. (form) ANC Youth League. Then in 1952 he set up a law office to help poor black people. Because of his fight 4. the government and anti-black laws, he 5. (sentence) to five years of hard labour. Then ANC began 6. (blow) up buildings in 1963 and he was sentenced to prison for life on Robben Island in 1964.Twenty six years 7. (late), he was freed by the white government. In 1994 he was made president of South Africa 8. the government by and for the black people was 9. (final) set up. Nelson Mandela was really 10. great man! 答案：1.born 2.studied 3.formed 4.against 5.was sentenced 6.to blow 7.later 8.and 9.finally 10.a 教材与话题写作 (Ⅰ)用本单元所学知识完成下列句子。 1．我第一次听说史蒂芬·霍金时， 就被他对研究的奉献精神所感动。(the first time; devotion) 答案：The first time I heard of Stephen Hawking, I was moved by his devotion to the research. 2．在日常生活中， 他处于很大的麻烦之中。(in great trouble) 答案：In his daily life, he is in great trouble. 3．只有求助于电脑时， 他才能讲话、阅读和写作。(only when.; turn to) 答案：Only when he turned to the computer was it possible for him to speak, read and write. 4．他对世界的贡献是无与伦比的。(have no equal) 答案：His contributions to the world have no equal. 5．在我看来， 任何东西都无法回报他对科学的贡献。(in one’s opinion; in reward for) 答案：In my opinion, nothing could be in reward for his contributions to science. (Ⅱ)将以上句子连成短文，要求衔接连贯、过渡自然。 【完形填空】 When you give thanks for help，everyone benefits.And the __1__ will last longer than you d expect：researchers have found that writing thank-you notes raises people s __2__ levels for up to six months. “If you express gratitude in a diary，it makes you happier，but if you __3__ it with the person who helped you，it has the __4__ to bring you two closer together，”says researcher Jeff Tsang. Lawyer John Kralik experienced this personally.He d been feeling depressed and __5__ about his life：He d been divorced and wasn t __6__ with his children.He felt tired from the __7__ hours he devoted to work.At a/an __8__ low point，he remembered his grandfather telling him about the importance of __9__.He decided to write 365 thank-you notes over 365 days，hoping for a/an __10__ change. Immediately，he noticed his __11__ begin to improve.“The first effects are that you realise that your life is much better than you thought and you become more positive，”Kralik says of his __12__ acts of expressing thanks. __13__ by Kralik s experience，I decided to try the __14__ myself.I chose someone from my past whom I d __15__ thanked before：my wonderful high-school English teacher.I wasn t sure if I d be able to __16__ him，but eventually I found where he lived. In my letter，I thanked him for the __17__ and support that he d given me years earlier.I may never hear from him __18__，but that isn t the __19__.The letter helped me __20__ my life，and I ve been happy now for months. 1．A.time B．thoughts C．effects D．relationship 2．A.education B．happiness C．income D．health 3．A.share B．complete C．compare D．leave 4．A.method B．desire C．energy D．potential 5．A.discouraged B．dishonest C．impatient D．surprised 6．A.bored B．strict C．close D．honest 7．A.limited B．valuable C．delightful D．long 8．A.importantly B．particularly C．physically D．exactly 9．A.forgiveness B．achievement C．gratefulness D．patience 10．A.positive B．unexpected C．possible D．instant 11．A.wealth B．attitude C．position D．competence 12．A.generous B．strange C．brave D．simple 13．A.Struck B．Inspired C．Shocked D．Invited 14．A.idea B．belief C．letter D．test 15．A.nearly B．frequently C．already D．never 16．A.remember B．recognise C．locate D．reward 17．A.degree B．money C．gift D．guidance 18．A.in advance B．in public C．in return D．in person 19．A.case B．point C．fact D．solution 20．A.appreciate B．understand C．face D．review 【解题导语】本文是一篇夹叙夹议文。作者通过亲身经历告诉我们这样一个道理：当你对别人表达出感谢之情时，你会变得更快乐。 1．C 考查名词辨折。根据“benefits”并结合第一段可知，此处指感谢别人对自己的影响要比你预想的长久。C项意为“效果，影响”，符合语境。A项意为“时间”；B项意为“想法”；D项意为“关系”，均与语境不符。故答案选C。 2．B 考查名词辨析。根据语境可知，此处指写感谢信可以提高人们的幸福水平。B项意为“幸?！?，符合语境。A项意为“教育”；C项意为“收入”；D项意为“健康”，均与语境不符。故答案选B。 3．A 考查动词辨析。根据此句中的“bring you two closer together”可知，此处指与帮助你的人分享这件事。share sth.with sb.意为“与某人分享某物”，符合语境。B项意为“完成，实现”；C项意为“比较”；D项意为“离开”，均与语境不符。故答案选A。 4．D 考查名词辨析。根据语境可知，此处指如果你与帮助你的人一起分享感激之情，这就有可能将你们两人之间的距离拉近。D项意为“可能性，潜能”，符合语境。A项意为“方法”；B项意为“欲望”；C项意为“精力”，均与语境不符。故答案选D。 5．A 考查形容词辨折。根据该句中的“feeling depressed”可知，此处应用“discouraged”与“depressed”并列，指他对生活感到沮丧。 A项意为“泄气的”，符合语境。B项意为“不诚实的”；C项意为“没有耐心的”；D项意为“感到惊讶的”，均与语境不符。故答案选A。 6．C 考查形容词辨析。根据本句中的“He d been divorced”可知，他已经离婚了，并且与孩子也不亲近。C项意为“亲近的，亲密的”，符合语境。A项意为“无聊的”；B项意为“严格的”；D项意为“诚实的”，均与语境不符。故答案选C。 7．D 考查形容词辨析。根据“felt tired from”可推知，此处指因为长时间的工作，所以他感到疲劳。D项意为“长的”，符合语境。A项意为“有限的”；B项意为“有价值的”；C项意为“高兴的”，均与语境不符。故答案选D。 8．B 考查副词辨析。根据语境可知，他离婚了，和孩子也不亲近，而且工作辛苦，所以这是他人生的低谷。B项意为“尤其，特别”，符合语境。A项意为“重要地”；C项意为“身体上”；D项意为“恰恰，正好”，均与语境不符。故答案选B。 9．C 考查名词辨析。根据下文中的“He decided to write 365 thank-you notes”可知，此处指他记起祖父告诉过他感激的重要性。C项意为“感激”，符合语境。A项意为“原谅”；B项意为“成就”；D项意为“耐心”，均与语境不符。故答案选C。 10．A 考查形容词辨析。根据下一段第二句中的“you become more positive”可知，此处指他希望通过这种方式获得一个积极的改变。A项意为“积极的”，符合语境。B项意为“出人意料的”；C项意为“可能的”；D项意为“立即的”，均与语境不符。故答案选A。 11．B 考查名词辨析。根据语境可知，这位律师正处于人生的低谷时期，然后通过写感谢信使得他的态度开始改善。B项意为“态度”，符合语境。A项意为“财富”；C项意为“位置”；D项意为“能力”，均与语境不符。故答案选B。 12．D 考查形容词辨析。根据空格后的“expressing thanks”可知，写感谢信只是表达感谢的一个简单的行为。D项意为“简单的”，符合语境。A项意为“慷慨的”；B项意为“奇怪的”；C项意为“勇敢的”，均与语境不符。故答案选D。 13．B 考查动词辨析。根据下文可知，“我”也决定写感谢信了。由此推断出，“我”是受了Kralik的经历的鼓舞。B项意为“鼓舞，激励”，符合语境。故答案选B。 14．A 考查名词辨析。根据语境可知，“我”决定亲自试试这个想法。A项意为“想法，主意”，符合语境。B项意为“信念”；C项意为“信”；D项意为“测试”，均与语境不符。故答案选A。 15．D 考查副词辨析。根据语境可知，“我”不知道这位高中英语老师的地址，所以他是“我”以前从未感谢过的人。D项意为“从未”，符合语境。A项意为“几乎”；B项意为“经?！?；C项意为“已经”，均与语境不符。故答案选D。 16．C 考查动词辨析。根据“but eventually I found where he lived”可知，此处指“我”不知道是否能够找到他。C项意为“找出……的准确位置”，符合语境。A项意为“记得”；B项意为“认出”；D项意为“奖励，奖赏”，均与语境不符。故答案选C。 17．D 考查名词辨析。根据语境可知，“我”感谢的对象是“我”的一位高中英语老师，所以“我”应是感谢他给予“我”的指导和帮助。D项意为“指导”，符合语境。A项意为“程度，等级”；B项意为“金钱”；C项意为“礼物”，均与语境不符。故答案选D。 18．C 考查介词短语辨析。根据常识可知，“我”写感谢信给多年前的老师，而老师不一定会回信给“我”。C项意为“作出回应”，符合语境。A项意为“提前”；B项意为“公开地”；D项意为“亲自”，均与语境不符。故答案选C。 19．B 考查名词辨析。根据下文中的“I ve been happy now for months”可知，“我”快乐了几个月，所以此处指老师是否回信不是重点。B项意为“重点，要点”，符合语境。A项意为“事例”；C项意为“事实”；D项意为“解决方法”，均与语境不符。故答案选B。 20．A 考查动词辨析。联系全文的内容可知，文章主要是关于表达出感谢可以给自己带来快乐，所以此处指这封感谢信帮助“我”感激“我”的生活，“我”为此快乐了几个月。A项意为“感激”，符合语境。B项意为“理解”；C项意为“面对”；D项意为“回顾”，均与语境不符。故答案选A。 下面是李华的一篇作文，文中有五处错误，改正错误并背诵该文。 The first time when I heard of Stephen Hawking, I was moving by his devotion to the research. On his daily life, he is in great trouble. For example, only when he turned to the computer it possible for him to speak, read and write. Therefore, his contributions to the world have no equal. And, in my opinion, nothing could be in reward for his contributions to science. 答案： The first time I heard of Stephen Hawking, I was by his devotion to the research. his daily life, he is in great trouble. For example, only when he turned to the computer it possible for him to speak, read and write. ， his contributions to the world have no equal. And, in my opinion, nothing could be in reward for his contributions to science.