Unit 5 李仕才 一、词汇复习 （一）单句语法填空 1、The boss of the company is trying to create an easy atmosphere _______his employees enjoy their work. 答案：where 本句中定语从句“his employees enjoy their work”不缺主宾表，先行词为atmosphere，表示“气氛，氛围”。将“in＋先行词atmosphere”还原回从句中成立，因此答案为where。 2．(2015·陕西，15改编)As the smallest child of his family，Alex is always longing for the time ________he should be able to be independent. 答案：when 分析结构可知，此处是定语从句，先行词为time。定语从句为空格后句子，缺少时间状语，用when引导。句意：作为家里最小的孩子，亚历克斯总是渴望他应该能独立的时候。 3. (2015·安徽，28改编)Some experts think reading is the fundamental skill upon _______ school education depends. 答案：which 本句为定语从句。引导词在定语从句中位于介词upon的后面作宾语，故用关系代词且指代先行词the fundamental skill，因此用which。 4．(2015·湖南，29改编)It is a truly delightful place, ______ looks the same as it must have done 100 years ago with its winding streets and pretty cottages. 答案：which 此句是一个非限制性定语从句，先行词是place，定语从句中缺主语，故用关系代词which。句意：这真是一个宜人的地方，这里蜿蜒的小路和美丽的小村庄一定和100年前看起来是一模一样的。 5．(2015·四川，3改编)The books on the desk，________covers are shiny，are prizes for us. 答案：whose 此句是非限制性定语从句，先行词为the books，________和covers之间存在所属关系，意为“书的封面”。句意：桌上的书是给我们的奖励，那些书的封面闪闪发光。根据语境填whose。 （二）英汉互译 1. △identify vt. __________ 2. alternative n. adj. __________ 3. △archaeology n. (archeology) __________ 4. △archaeological adj. __________ 5. △archaeologist n. __________ 6. starvation n. __________ 7. tentative adj. __________ 8. accuracy n. __________ 9. △excavate vt. __________ 10. △excavation n. __________ 11. interrupt vt. spat, spit) vi. __________ 40. delete vt. __________ 41. album n. __________ 42. scratch n. vt. __________ 43. academy n. __________ 44. receptionist n. __________ 45. onion n. __________ 46. kindergarten n. __________ 47. skateboard n. __________ 48. fed up with __________ 49. yogurt n. __________ 50. radioactive adj. __________ 51. radioactivity n. __________ 52. division n. __________ 53. BC __________ 54. melon n. __________ 55. wrinkle n. __________ 56. pulse vi. n. __________ 57. △vein n. __________ 58. applaud vi. & vt. __________ 59. look ahead __________ 60. howl vt. & vi. __________ 61. accelerate vi. & vt. __________ 62. spear n. __________ 63. arrest vt. n. __________ 64. dizzy adj. __________ 65. △eyebrow n. __________ 66. △cheekbone n. __________ 67. △arrowhead n. __________ 68. △axe n. __________ 69. hammer n. __________ 70. gay adj. __________ 71. gaily adv. __________ 72. skilful adj. __________ 73. date back __________ 74. punctuation n. __________ 75. △worship vt. & vi n. __________ 76. △craftsmanship n. __________ 二、阅读理解 A Chinese paper cutting or “jianzhi“ is the art of cutting paper designs, and the cut-outs are also used to decorate doors and windows, so they are sometimes called “chuang hua“. Paper cutting has long been a symbol of Eastern charm. There are symmetrical(对称的)designs that are usually created by some folding and cutting. When unfolded, it forms a symmetrical design. Chinese cut-outs are normally symmetrical and are usually in an even number series of 2, 4, 24,etc. The oldest surviving paper cut-out is a symmetrical circle from the early 6th century found in Xinjiang, China. From the 7th to 13th century, paper cutting became popular especially during Chinese festivals. The art spread to the rest of the world in the 14th century. Throughout the Qing Dynasty many paper cutting skills were developed including drafting and the use of smoked papers. By the end of the Qing ruling, however, paper cutting was once on the decline because new art forms were being introduced. The Republic of China later tried to revive the art in the 1980s. Today, paper cut-outs are chiefly decorative. They decorate walls, windows, doors, columns, mirrors, lamps and lanterns in homes and are also used on presents or are given as gifts themselves. Entrances decorated with paper cut-outs are supposed to bring good luck. Paper cut-outs used to be used as patterns, especially for embroidery(刺绣). There are two methods of manufacture: one uses scissors, the other uses knives. In the scissor method, several pieces of paper — up to eight — are fastened together. The image is then cut with sharp, pointed scissors. Knife cuttings are fashioned by putting several paper on a relatively soft foundation consisting of a mixture of oil and ashes. Skilled crafters can even cut out different drawings freely without stopping. 1.When can the existing oldest paper cutting date back to? A. about 1 500 years ago.B. about 1 600 years ago. C. about 1 400 years ago.D. about 600 years ago. 2.The underlined word “revive“ in Paragraph 3 can be replaced by “_______“. A. surviveB. restore C. copyD. fix 3.Which of the following words can best summarize the last paragraph? A. History.B. Origin. C. Uses.D. Process. 4.What may be the best title of the text? A. Paper — the Eastern Charm B. The History of Paper Cutting C.A Brief Introduction to Paper Cutting D. Paper Cutting — Unbelievable Skilled Crafters 【文章大意】本文是一篇说明文。中国的剪纸艺术源远流长，距今已有1 500多年的历史。如今的剪纸主要用于装饰。剪纸过程简单但具有一定的文化特色。 1.A 【解析】细节理解题。根据文章第三段的首句中的关键信息“The oldest surviving paper cut-out.from the early 6th century found in Xinjiang, China“可知，该艺术始于六世纪早期，即500年左右，故用2017年减去500年，即可推知距今约1 500年。 3.D 【解析】段落大意题。最后一段介绍了剪纸的两种方法，具体使用什么工具和怎样操作。由此可推知本段讲的是剪纸的过程，故用process概括此段较为合适。 4.C 【解析】标题归纳题。全篇从中国剪纸艺术的历史、用途以及过程等全方位阐述了Paper Cutting，故用A Brief Introduction to Paper Cutting作为文章标题最合适。 B Those who claim bananas are fattening argue that bananas cause the body to make lots of insulin(胰岛素), and insulin causes fat growth. How much insulin we produce is related to how fast food becomes sugar in our bloodstream. How can you know if food makes a lot of sugar quickly? The glycemic index(血糖指数), or GI rating tells us. Foods with GI scores above 75 are considered high-GI foods, leading to faster sugar development. Bananas have a GI of 62, which is considered low. Weight loss can be a struggle for anyone, but it is especially hard for diabetics(糖尿病患者). A study looked at how the starch from unripe bananas affected the weight of a group of obese diabetics. After four weeks of a diet high in bananas, diabetics lost significantly more weight than on a control diet. They also saw improvements in insulin sensitivity from the banana diet. What’s more, bananas have been shown to cut risks of strokes, diabetes and cancers.(Bananas are the most powerful fruit for lowering the risk of kidney cancer.) Bananas are also a rich source of fiber, which has been shown to help weight loss. Bananas that still have some green on the skin are even higher in fiber. Skins from green bananas can be taken and, after removing the stem and dark tip, cut into small pieces 2－3 inches long and 1/2 inch wide. These pieces can be made into a tea or added to a dish. When you eat the skins, be sure you are eating organic bananas. The flesh of regular bananas is low in pesticides, but the skins are not. 【解题导语】 本文反驳了“吃香蕉会使人发胖”这一错误观点，告诉大家香蕉不会使身体分泌很多胰岛素而导致脂肪增加，相反，香蕉对身体健康有着诸多好处。 1．What conclusion can we draw from Paragraphs 1 & 2? A．Bananas are likely to make people fat. B．Insulin determines the amount of sugar. C．Low-GI foods can turn into sugar more slowly. D．The faster the food becomes sugar, the less insulin. C 解析：推理判断题。根据第二段中“How can you know if food makes a lot of sugar quickly? The glycemic index(血糖指数)．faster sugar development.”可知，血糖指数高的食物往往能更快地转化成糖分，反之，血糖指数低的食物转化成糖分的速度较慢。故选C。 2．What does the author say about bananas? A．Including bananas in diets is good for health. B．Bananas can cure people suffering kidney cancer. C．Eating organic bananas can protect people from strokes. D．Bananas’ abundant fiber improves insulin sensitivity. A 解析：推理判断题。根据文章第三段中的“.diabetics lost significantly more weight than on a control diet. They also saw improvements in insulin sensitivity from the banana diet.”及第四段的“bananas have been shown to cut risks of strokes, diabetes and cancers.weight loss.”可知，香蕉可以帮助人们减肥，也能降低人们患中风、糖尿病及癌症的风险，由此可得出这样的结论：将香蕉列入日常饮食对人们的健康有益，故选A。 3．What is discussed in the last paragraph? A．The use of banana skins. B．The benefits of banana skins. C．The importance of banana skins. D．The ways of choosing organic bananas. A 解析：段落大意题。根据最后一段的内容尤其是“can be made into a tea or added to a dish”可知，本段主要讲的是香蕉皮的用途。故选A。 4．In which section of a newspaper can we read this passage? A．Education. B．Health. C．Culture.D．Science. B 解析：推理判断题。纵观全文可知，香蕉不仅有助于减肥，还能降低人们患中风、糖尿病及癌症的风险，而且香蕉皮也有用处。由此可知，本文最有可能出现在报纸的健康专栏。故选B。 三、书面表达。 微博(micro blog) 已成为时下学生常用的交流方式。人们对此褒贬不一。请根据以下要点提示，用英语写一篇短文，描述人们对学生使用微博的看法。 学生 记录生活，表达情绪，交流思想，促进沟通 家长 了解孩子想法，增进亲子关系；过渡关注博客，影响学习 教育人士 开阔视野，但需要适当引导 注意：词数120以上。 参考词汇：开阔视野 broaden one’s horizon 引导 guidance ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 【参考范文】书面表达（25分）： One Possible Version: On the other hand, parents’ opinions are divided on this. Some parents think that they can be kept informed of what their children have been thinking through micro blogs, thus improving the relationship between them and children. However, some others are afraid that focusing on blogs too much will affect children’s studies. Educators hold the belief that the micro blog broadens students’ horizons, but meanwhile appropriate guidance is necessary.