Healthy eating 李仕才 【阅读理解插花】 There have been many great inventions that changed the way we live. The first great invention was one that is still very important today—the wheel. This made it easier to carry heavy things and to travel long distances. For hundreds of years after that there were few inventions that had as much effect as the wheel. Then in the early 1800’s the world started to change. There was little unknown land left in the world. People did not have to explore much any more. They began to work instead to make life better. In the second half of the 19th century many great inventions were made. Among them were the camera, the electric light and the radio. These all became a big part of our life today. The first part of the 20th century saw more great inventions. The helicopter in 1909. Movies with sound in 1926. The computer in 1928. And jet planes in 1930. This was also a time when a new material was first made. Nylon came out in 1935. It changed the kind of clothes people wear. The middle part of the 20th century brought new ways to help people get over disease. They worked very well. They made people healthier and let them live longer lives. By the 1960’s most people could expect to live to be at least 60. By this time most people had a very good life. Of course new inventions continued to be made. But man now had a desire to explore again. The world was known to man but the stars were not. Man began looking for ways to go into space. Russia made the first step. Then the United States took a step. Since then other countries, including China and Japan, have made their steps into space. In 1969 man took his biggest step away from the earth. Americans first walked on the moon. This is certainly just a beginning though. New inventions will someday allow us to do things we have never yet dreamed of. 【文章大意】本文主要介绍了发明创造对我们生活的影响。 1. Camera was invented after ________. A. 1850 B. 1950 C. 1800 D. 1900 【解析】选A。细节理解题。本题主要考查对“In the second half of the 19th century”这个时间短语的理解, 意为“十九世纪的后50年”, 故答案为1850年。 2. Why did the world start to change in the early 1800’s? A. Because there were few inventions that had as much effect as the wheel for hundreds of years. B. Because there was little unknown land left in the world. C. Because people did not have to explore much any more. D. Because people began to work to make life better instead of exploring unknown world. 【解析】选D。细节理解题。从第一段可知, 未知的陆地已经被发现完了, 人们不再需要发现新大陆, 而是转向发明创造让生活过得更加美好的一些东西。 3. In Paragraph 2, the word “They” in the sentence “They worked very well” refers to ________. A. helicopters, computers, jet planes, nylon B. new ways to help people get over disease C. new materials D. people 【解析】选B。词义猜测题。从上文可知, “They”应该指的是治疗疾病的方法。 4. The possible title for the passage might be ________. A. Great Inventions of the 20th Century B. How Wheels, Cameras and Computers Were Invented C. People’s Attitudes Towards Inventions D. Great Inventions Influence Our Way of Living 【解析】选D。主旨大意题。本文主要介绍发明创造怎样影响着我们的生活。 教材与语法填空 根据教材课文内容，在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。 Wang Peng felt very frustrated 1. he saw none of his patrons(?？?would eat in his restaurant. In his opinion, nothing could be 2. (good) than his fried rice, barbecued mutton kebabs, fatty pork or his sugary cola. Who won his customers? He followed one of his best friends into Yong Hui’s 3. (new)opened slimming restaurant and was 4. (amaze) at the menu there: raw vegetables, fruit and water.5. was obvious that Yong Hui was telling lies when promising to make the customers 6. (thin)．In order to win his customers back, he went to the library to do some research，7. showed Yong Hui’s menu didn’t give the customers energy-giving food. Having found out the weakness of Yong Hui’s menu, Wang Peng wrote his own sign，8. (say)energy-giving food served. In fact, there was weakness in Wang Peng’s menu, too. Food at his restaurant 9. (contain) too much fat. So the only 10. (solve) is to combine the two menus together to be a balanced menu. 答案：1.when 2.better 3.newly 4.amazed 5.It 6．thinner 7.which 8.saying 9.contains 10．solution 教材与话题写作 (Ⅰ)用本单元所学知识完成下列句子。 1．众所周知，没什么比健康更重要。(否定词＋比较级表示最高级) 答案：As we all know, nothing is more precious than health. 2．在日常生活中，保持学习和娱乐相平衡是很重要的。(balance) 答案：In our daily life, it is important to keep the balance between study and pleasure. 3．与此同时，均衡饮食和有规律的锻炼帮助我们保持身心健康。(a balanced diet; physically; mentally) 答案：Meanwhile, a balanced diet and regular exercise can help us keep healthy both physically and mentally. 4．许多人常熬夜看电视或玩电脑游戏，这对我们的健康有害。(do harm to) 答案：A great many people often stay up watching TV or playing computer games.It does harm to our health. 5．为了我们的健康，充分的休息是必要的。(benefit ) 答案：For the benefit of our health，it is necessary to have enough rest. (Ⅱ)将以上句子连成短文，要求衔接连贯、过渡自然。 【完形填空插花】 阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中，选出可能填入空白处的最佳选项。 Every morning，on my way to work，I see homeless people sleeping on sidewalks.Clearly，they re in need of __1__.I feel it a(n) __2__ to see this，and most people walk by, __3__ the homeless don t exist，and don t offer any help at all，not even a __4__.Recently，it s been extremely cold，making things especially __5__ for the homeless. Usually I arrive at work around 8 am，when the homeless are still asleep.I m not sure whether it s a good __6__ to leave something for them while they re __7__ ，as it may get stolen or they may not even __8__ it. Today，I __9__ someone，who seemed to be homeless，sitting on the sidewalk，awake.I had some time __10__ I was due to start work，so I dashed across the street to ask if I could get anything for him to drink or eat.He wanted a cola，so I went and got this for him __11__ a banana. I gave him the drink and banana，then went back to my office across the street，and went upstairs to get the bag I recently __12__ with everyday items.I d been planning to give it to someone in need，so this was a great __13__.I hurried back to give the bag to the stranger，who was __14__. Society may feel uncomfortable with homeless people.__15__ ，we must remember they re just like us.They re just down on their __16__ for different reasons.If we __17__ to those in need，our hearts will grow and we can __18__ make our world better. Singer Phil Collins sang a song titled Another Day in Paradise，which __19__ us to be grateful for the many blessings we have and not to __20__ those who are less fortunate. 1．A.balance B．significance C．performance D．assistance 2．A.duty B．regret C．advance D．equality 3．A.imagining B．expecting C．pretending D．announcing 4．A.word B．hug C．pity D．gift 5．A.absurd B．boring C．complex D．touch 6．A.idea B．excuse C．lesson D．reason 7．A.relaxed B．absent-minded C．unaware D．dizzy 8．A.know B．want C．share D．afford 9．A.spotted B．approached C．recognized D．interviewed 10．A.when B．since C．before D．unless 11．A.instead of B．except for C．regardless of D．along with 12．A.replaced B．packed C．decorated D．combined 13．A.trial B．honor C．opportunity D．reward 14．A.grateful B．careful C．hopeful D．skillful 15．A.Besides B．Therefore C．Meanwhile D．However 16．A.effort B．luck C．appearance D．reputation 17．A.look out B．break out C．reach out D．turn out 18．A.truly B．properly C．deliberately D．approximately 19．A.intends B．reminds C．promises D．persuades 20．A.trick B．blame C．doubt D．forget 【解题导语】本文主要讲述了作者帮助无家可归的人的故事。 【核心词汇】extremely adv.极其，极端 dash v．急奔，急驰，猛冲 paradise n．天堂 blessing n．上帝的恩宠，祝福 1．D 根据下文的“don t offer any help at all”可知，这些无家可归的人需要帮助。assistance意为“帮助”。故选D。 2．B 根据下文作者帮助无家可归的人可推知，作者同情这些无家可归的人，看到他们睡在大街上感到很是遗憾。故选B。 3．C 根据“and don t offer any help at all”并结合上文的“I feel it a(n) __2__ to see this”可推知，大部分的路人对无家可归的人漠不关心，视而不见，即假装(pretending)没看到。 4．A 根据“even”可推知，大部分人不仅不提供帮助，甚至连一句问候都没有。 5．D 根据空前的“it s been extremely cold”并结合语境可推知，天气特别寒冷，无家可归的人的日子更加艰难(tough)。 6．A 结合语境可知，作者不确定自己的那种做法是否是好主意(idea)。 7．C 承接上文的“Usually I arrive at work around 8 am，when the homeless are still asleep”可推知，无家可归的人在作者早上开始上班时还都在睡觉，是不会觉察到的(unaware)。 8．B 根据“even”的提示并结合上文作者的犹豫可推知，作者不确定自己对他们的帮助是否正是无家可归的人所需要的。 9．A 根据语境可推知，作者在人行道上发现了一个醒着的无家可归的人。spot表示“发现”，符合语境。 10．C 根据语境可知，作者离上班还有些时间，所以选C。 11．D 根据语境以及下文的“I gave him the drink and banana”可推知，作者顺便还给这个人带了香蕉。along with表示“除……以外(还)”。 12．B 根据空后的“with everyday items”可知，作者包里装着每天的必需品。pack with sth.表示“装着某物”。 13．C 根据语境可知，作者认为这是一个极好的帮助无家可归的人的机会。 14．A 根据语境可推知，把自己的东西馈赠给他人，别人是感恩的(grateful)。 15．D 根据语境可知，前后句表示逻辑上的转折关系，故选D。 16．B 根据语境可推知，那些无家可归的人只是由于某种原因一时穷困潦倒而已，down on one s luck表示“穷困潦倒”。 17．C 根据语境可知，如果我们愿意帮助他们，世界会变得更美好。reach out to sb.表示“愿意为某人提供帮助”。 18．A 根据语境可知，帮助他人的确会让我们的世界变得更美好。truly“的确，真实地”；properly“恰当地”；deliberately“故意地”；approximately“大约”。 19．B Phil Collins的歌提醒我们要感恩。remind sb.to do sth.意为“提醒某人做某事”符合语境。 20．D 根据语境可推知，人们不要忘记那些不幸的人。 下面是李华的一篇作文，文中有五处错误，改正错误并背诵该文。 As we all know, nothing is much precious than health. In our daily life, it is important keep the balance between study and pleasure. Meanwhile, a balanced diet and regular exercise can help us keep healthy both physical and mentally. However, a great many of people often stay up watching TV or playing computer games, that does harm to our health. It is necessary to have enough rest for the benefit of our health. 答案： As we all know, nothing is precious than health. In our daily life, it is important keep the balance between study and pleasure. Meanwhile, a balanced diet and regular exercise can help us keep healthy both and mentally. However, a great many people often stay up watching TV or playing computer games, does harm to our health. It is necessary to have enough rest for the benefit of our health.