英语之星比赛成人组材料整理版 3.3.2看图说话技巧skills for picture-telling 看图说话也是一种即兴式演讲?？赐妓涤⒂镆驯还衔且恢钟行У挠⒂锝萄?、口语训练和测试手段 。它主要有这么几个方面的优点：首先是形象生动。 第二，图示情景可以激发我们的想象力，培养我们的思考能力。 第三，它能激发我们的表达欲望，有助于培养表达能力和语言运用能力。 第四，借助于情景，我们表达中的错误和不足能更直接地反映出来，因而对我们语言水平的提高具有更大的针对性。 1）看图的步骤： a)先看整体，看懂图的故事情节，大体了解图画的主要内容。 b)分局部细看，由近及远，由上到下，由大到小，由人到物等。 c)再回到整体，弄清图上的时间、人物、环境和情节等，然后联系起来想一想 。 2）边看边想： a.要想图中画的情景，要把静的想成动的 。 如画的是景物，可以想像一阵风吹过，或者一场雨打来，它们会发生什么变化。 b. 要想像图中未画的情景。凭借图，我们作文时可以想像到很多图中未画的情景。使内容更加丰富。 c.要把图中的人和事想像成自己或自己的，更能引起共鸣。 3)看图说话的主要形式： a.单幅图 单幅图会给我们留有更多的分析、想像的余地。这就需要我们构思时对图上的人物、事物、时间、地点和环境等进行认真观察，周详地了解画面内容，充分发挥观察、分析、想像和表达的能力。比如图上的人物和事物都有什么特点，他们之间有什么关系，等等。 b.多幅图 ： 连续的几幅图一般是描述一件事的发展过程?？赐际?，先要对第一幅图详细观察，在看以后几幅图时要着重观察第一幅图中没有出现的事物（如背景有什么变化，出现了什么新的人物，地点是否改变了等），并注意分辩画面的细微变化（如太阳升起来了，树叶长出来了等），从而想像事件的发展变化，逐图看完后，再连起来重看一遍，以便对全部内容有一个完整的印象。 4）看图说话要领some tips for picture-telling: elements for picture-telling: topic, word choice, story line, logic thinking, etc.； creating a story with a clear plot, vivid description； key words for story line: when, where, how, who, what； controlling speech tempo and delivering the speech naturally； choosing the right words and using the language accurately； paying more attention to nonverbal communication。 3.4 视听问答Watch-and-Answer 视听问答是测试选手口语综合能力的一种常用方法。 Watch-and-Answer is widely used to test a contestant’s ability. In the semi-final and final matches of the competition, there will be a two-minute watch-and-answer segment. After watching a 50-second video clip, the contestant will be asked questions by the host or one of judges, and he or she must answer immediately. It’s a real challenge to every contestant: not only to demonstrate listening comprehension and spontaneous talk, but also knowledge of literature, history, geography, science, economy, politics, entertainment and so on. 3.4.1视听要点Some tips for the contestants: Practising English everyday is half the battle for English competitors. Center yourself, drive everything out of you mind and focus completely on hearing carefully every word, specially the key words from the video or those in the questions asked by a particular judge or host. Take a deep breath before speaking; don’t forget to maintain eye contact with the audience when necessary. Bravely imagine and guess: believe yourself and answer the question by instinct. Enjoy yourself! It’s nothing but a competition. 即兴演讲题库： 4.1.4 Samples for adults: 1. What’s a learning-type city like in your eyes? What will you do as a Wenzhou citizen to make Wenzhou into a learning-type city? 2. Could you tell us the most embarrassing thing you’ve experienced? 3. If you were a college student and your boy/girl friend asked you to live with him /her together, what would you do? 4. What are the differences between talking with a person face-to-face and talking to a person on line? 5. Some people feel that overseas students get preferential treatment. What’s your opinion? 6. What do you think about housing conditions in Wenzhou? 7. How do you understand“knowledge economy”? 8. If you were a guide in a travel agency, and you were asked to introduce Wenzhou to a group of foreign friends, what would you say? 10. Would you give some helpful advice concerning about the more and more serious energy shortage in China, or even the whole world? 12. What do you think about the economic and cultural development in Wenzhou? 13. What would you do if your neighbor were noisy nearly all the time? 14. If your lover cheats on you once, will you give him/her another chance or never believe him/her again? 15. Do you often go to the gymnasium? Is it helpful to your health? 16. What do you think about artificial beauty? If you were not beautiful, would you mind doing cosmetic surgery to change your appearance? 17. What’s the significance of Obama’s victory in American history? 18.As the saying goes,“Lost time is never found again.” What’s your opinion? 19. Do you speak ill of anyone behind his or her back? What do you think of this behavior? 20. Explain “team spirit” to us.